Links and Resources

March 2023
SPHM Education in Health Care Student Curriculum – A White Paper

Jul 2021
What’s New in SPHM: A look at current research – References
By Lynda Enos, RN, MS, COHN-S, CPE

Jan 2021
10 years of membership growth of our organization; monthly newsletters & webinars since 2017

More widespread implementation of the ANA Interprofessional Standards for SPHM

Guidelines that promote SPHM Practices

States taking action to promote SPHM

SPHM industry stepping up during the pandemic

Advances in our mobility tools

SPHM becoming a common term within our healthcare systems

More and more studies showing the effectiveness of SPHM programs

American Nursing Association (ANA)
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs 
The Worker’s Compensation Board of British Columbia (WorkSafeBC)
Canadian Center for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS)

Jul 2020
BMAT 2.0

The Bedside Mobility Assessment Tool 2.0 (BMAT 2.0) incorporates new knowledge developed over 5+ years of BMAT 1.0 use.  It was created to identify patient mobility function deficits and assist the healthcare team in selecting equipment to safely handle and mobilize patients. BMAT 2.0 clarifies how to perform assessment levels and determine pass or fail;  the nurse’s role in assessing, strengthening and progressing patients; progression from Level 3 to Level 4; as well as its use in discharge planning and placement.  The citation and link to this ANA open access article in the July 2020 issue of the American Nurse Journal is:

Boynton, T., Kumpar, D., VanGilder, C. (2020). The Bedside Mobility Assessment Tool 2.0: Advancing patient mobility. Am Nurs J. 2020;15(7):18-22.

If you have questions or want additional information regarding BMAT 1.0 or 2.0, please contact Teresa Boynton, MS, OTR, CSPHP at

Nov 8, 2019
Patient Handling and Mobility Assessment (PHAMA), 2nd edition

Manual handling, moving and mobilizing patients and residents is hazardous work. In recognition of this fact, in 2010, the Facility Guideline Institute developed and approved design requirements for their Guidelines for Design and Construction of Health Care Facilities. The goal of these design requirements was to support safe patient handling and movement practices. The need to educate design professionals on safe patient handling, movement and mobility (SPHM) was apparent, so the FGI committee wrote the original PHAMA White Paper to provide information about the rationale for and relationship of the physical environment and safe patient handling techniques. Continuing and expanding on the original goal, the FGI published the second edition of this paper in 2019.  The second edition updates information on Guidelines design requirements and incorporates those for care of individuals of size and to facilitate patient and resident mobilization. The second edition also provides detailed information to facilitate and implement SPHM programs as well as develop a business plan to assist organizations in ensuring appropriate technology and program elements are included for success. States that adopt these Guidelines are required to follow design criteria within, including the PHAMA. The Joint Commission has no specific criteria statements related to SPHM, but it does require facilities who are building new buildings or undergoing major renovations to use the FGI Guidelines, or the state construction guidelines, which are often FGI Guidelines. Since the FGI Guidelines include the PHAMA, such construction must then abide by the PHAMA.


Health Care Workers Compensation Barometer Actuarial Analysis
Click here for more information 

Worker Safety in Hospitals
Did you know that a hospital is one of the most hazardous places to work? In 2011, U.S. hospitals recorded 253,700 work-related injuries and illnesses, a rate of 6.8 work-related injuries and illnesses for every 100 full-time employees. This is almost twice the rate for private industry as a whole.
OSHA created a suite of resources to help hospitals assess workplace safety needs, implement safety and health management systems, and enhance their safe patient handling programs. Preventing worker injuries not only helps workers—it also helps patients and will save resources for hospitals.

Download the overview and explore the links to learn more about the resources available on this website

Whitepaper- Safe Patient Handling Equipment in Therapy Practice: Implications for Rehabilitation Download PDF

MUST READ FOR PT/OT- an excellent study of the benefits of using your SPHM Equipment to increase treatment options and impact outcomes.

Mar  2017
Medical Diagnostic Equipment Final Rule
The Access Board, under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, has published a final standard addressing access for people with disabilities to medical diagnostic equipment. The standards provide design criteria that will allow independent access to diagnostic equipment, including types that require transfer from wheelchairs and other mobility aids. Provisions address transfer surfaces, support rails, armrests, compatibility with lift devices, and other features to facilitate transfer. This session will provide an overview of this important rulemaking. For more information, click here. 
Ceiling Lifts for Bariatrics
Ceiling lifts have gained in popularity due to some of the implementation issues which arise with the use of portable base patient lifts….
Download PDF Document

Bariatric Safe Patient Handling and Mobility Guidebook: A Resource Guide for Care of Persons of Size
VHA Center for Engineering & Occupational Safety and Health (CEOSH) St. Louis, Missouri

Bariatric Safe Patient Handling and Mobility Guidebook: A Resource Guide for Care of Persons of Size

OSHA Safe Patient Handling Web Page
OSHA has a very extensive set of tools and resources on this page entitled Worker Safety and Health in Hospitals: Caring for our Caregivers. Please visit it at the following link.

FDA Patient Lift Website
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The American Society of Safety Engineers, Healthcare Practice Specialty Group
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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has established a new Safe Patient Handling page.
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The Association of Occupational Health Professionals in Healthcare, is dedicated to the health and safety of healthcare workers. AOHP is the only national professional organization with the exclusive mission of addressing the needs and concerns of occupational health professionals in healthcare settings.
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National Patient Safety Agency
The National Patient Safety Agency leads and contributes to improved, safe patient care by informing, supporting and influencing the health sector.
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BackCare is a national charity that aims to reduce the impact of back pain on society by providing information, support, promoting good practice and funding research.
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The National Back Exchange
National Back Exchange is a multidisciplinary group for those with an interest in backcare and prevention of work related musculoskeletal problems.
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Health and Safety Executive
Manual handling – frequently asked questions. Links to sources of guidance, research, and information on Musculoskeletal disorders in the health and social care services sector, plus links to other health sector related MSD guidance and research.
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Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992
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Manual Handling Training
Investigation of current practices and development of guidelines Prepared by the Work and Health Research Centre for the Health and Safety Executive 2007
Download PDF Document
Risk assessment and process planning for bariatric patient handling pathways
Prepared by Loughborough University for the Health and Safety Executive 2007
Download PDF Document
A great source of safe patient handling information from the UK.
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Moving and Handling Newsletter
Includes a variety of SPH topics from around the world. Free subscription available
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Ergonomics in Healthcare
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Nursing home initiative: getting to zero
The Safety and Health Assessment and Research for Prevention (SHARP) program within the Washington State Department of Labor and Industries launched an initiative to implement and evaluate ergonomic interventions in the nursing home industry.
OHSAH: The Occupational Health & Safety Agency for Healthcare in British Columbia
This non-profit agency is dedicated exclusively to the health and safety of health care workers. Its Web site includes excellent materials on patient handling issues and ergonomics.
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This Web site for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration contains materials related to nursing home hazards and ergonomics in health care.
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The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has produced dozens of excellent reports, health hazard evaluations, research digests and fact sheets about ergonomics.
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